Monument Land Survey & Land Survey Plat
A monumented land survey requires a thorough search for existing monuments that define the boundary of the subject parcel as well as the adjoining parcels. Monuments have to be found for adjoining parcels because no parcel stands alone, so the survey has to tie into the adjoining lots. This does not mean, however, that a full survey is being done on the adjoining lot, but enough to tie the lots together.
After our crew has completed a property corner search, a horizontal control traverse is laid out to assist with locating the recovered monumentation. After computation of the field work and the boundary is completed, any missing property corners defining the subject parcel will be set using rebar and caps. The type of cap used will vary depending on whether the property corner is for a lot in a platted subdivision or an aliquot tract of land that has a section corner, quarter corner or a sixteenth corner as a property corner.
For unplatted parcels and for lots in subdivisions that were platted more than 20 years prior, the State of Colorado, per Colorado Revised Statutes, requires that we prepare a Land Survey Plat, which will be deposited with the Clerk and Recorder of the county wherein the land lies. When a LSP is required, the monumented land survey includes locating all improvements and apparent encroachments lying within five feet (5’) of either side of the property line as part of our field work. The monumented Land Survey Plat then becomes public record and is available to other land owners and other land surveyors for research purposes.
Pricing for a monumented land survey can vary tremendously. If the parcel is a lot in a recently platted subdivision, the cost may be relatively low. This is partially due to the fact that the surveyor is not required to prepare a Land Survey Plat in this situation. On the other hand, a tract of land that is described as an aliquot part of a section (the tract is tied to the land lines of the section), then the surveyor may be required to break down the entire section wherein the tract lies in order to solve the boundary of the subject tract of land. In some cases, multiple sections of land must be broken down.
When conducting a monumented land survey, Rampart Surveys’ recommends that a current Title Insurance Commitment or Title Insurance Policy be provided so that any easements and/or other items that may affect or burden the subject parcel can be shown on the plat.